Neuromuscular control is the unconscious ability to process peripheral neurosensory stimuli from the joints, which are translated into coordinated motor responses. Good control allows for smooth, precise movements. Neuromuscular rehabilitation is therefore aimed at improving the patient’s movement function, reducing the symptoms caused by conditions while increasing general well-being.
In fact, muscle contraction is regulated by the central nervous system (CNS) through nerve endings that innervate a large number of fibres. Together, a nerve ending and the muscle fibres innervated by it are called a motor unit. When performing an action such as lifting a weight or raising a hand to greet someone, the CNS activates the motor units of the muscles involved harmoniously so as to achieve an efficient result: some muscles will be contracted and others relaxed in a coordinated manner in order to perform the action correctly. The action’s effectiveness is based on the discharge frequency (namely, the frequency with which the CNS sends impulses to contract the individual motor units) and by the speed of muscle response.
Consequently, in the neuromuscular rehabilitation phase, the subject must first of all learn how to perform complex movements correctly so that the CNS knows the impulse pattern useful for repetition. It will then be possible to act on the gesture, for example, in the case of lifting a weight, by increasing the load so as to improve strength in a targeted manner (as long as there is no muscle degeneration).
With Witty SEM, specific work can be carried out effectively on cognitive-motor and coordination skills, which are essential for proper neuromuscular rehabilitation.